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  • Writer's picturePyxie Funk

Introduction to TA 2: 4 Key Technical Analysis Techniques and a meme


In the trading realm, mastering the instruments and methods that can forecast or elucidate market shifts is vital. This guide explores a range of technical analysis tools, encompassing everything from trend evaluations to spotting patterns, which traders rely on for insightful decisions. Whether you're an experienced trader or a newcomer, it's imperative to understand these techniques, particularly in the dynamic sphere of cryptocurrency trading.


Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD)

MACD is a momentum oscillator that reveals changes in the strength, direction, momentum, and duration of a trend in a stock's price.

  • Strength: This refers to the force or intensity behind a price move. Strength can be gauged by various factors, such as trading volume, the number of price changes, and the speed at which the price moves. In technical analysis, a strong upward trend backed by increasing volume often indicates a robust bullish sentiment.

  • Direction: It's the path or course on which the asset's price is moving. Direction can be upward (bullish), downward (bearish), or sideways (neutral). Identifying the direction helps traders determine the overall trend of the market.

  • Momentum: Momentum gauges the pace of price shifts. It reflects the velocity at which an asset's price travels in a given direction. Momentum can tilt towards the positive (when prices rise) or the negative (when prices fall). Tools such as the MACD assist traders in pinpointing possible trend shifts or sustained movements.

  • Duration: This refers to the timeframe a trend has sustained. Trends are typically classified as short- medium- or long-term. By gauging the duration of a trend, traders can decide if it represents a brief shift or a sustained direction in the market.

The MACD itself consists of:

  1. MACD Line: This is the difference between two exponential moving averages, typically the 12-day and 26-day EMAs.

  2. Signal Line: This is typically a 9-day EMA of the MACD Line.

  3. Histogram: This represents the difference between the MACD Line and the Signal Line. It can be positive or negative, indicating the momentum's direction

Significance and When to Consider MACD:

  1. Crossovers: A bullish signal is produced when the MACD Line crosses above the Signal Line. Conversely, a bearish signal is produced when the MACD Line crosses below the Signal Line.

  2. Divergence: If the price of a cryptocurrency is making new highs, but the MACD isn't, it may indicate a potential bearish divergence, suggesting weakening momentum. On the other hand, if the price makes new lows and the MACD doesn't, it can indicate a potential bullish divergence.

  3. Overextended MACD: If the MACD Line moves too far away from the Signal Line, regardless of the direction, it can indicate overextended conditions, suggesting a potential reversal.


  • The top section showcases the price movement of a cryptocurrency.

  • The bottom section represents the MACD indicator:

    • The MACD Line is highlighted in blue.

    • The Signal Line is represented in orange.

    • The Histogram bars are in green when above zero and in red when below zero.

MACD can help traders identify potential buy or sell signals based on crossovers and divergences. By observing the relationship between the MACD Line, Signal Line, and Histogram, traders can gain insights into the momentum and direction of the market.


Bollinger Bands

Bollinger Bands are a technical analysis tool developed by John Bollinger. They consist of three lines:

  1. Middle Band: This is a simple moving average (SMA) of the price, typically over the last 20 periods.

  2. Upper Band: This is calculated as the middle band plus a specified number of standard deviations (often two).

  3. Lower Band: This is calculated as the middle band minus a specified number of standard deviations (often two).

Significance and When to Consider Bollinger Bands:

  1. Volatility Measure: The breadth of the bands signifies the volatility in the market. Thin bands point to low volatility, whereas broad bands suggest heightened volatility. Overbought/Oversold Signals: If the price approaches or surpasses the top band, the asset could be viewed as overbought. Conversely, if it nears or drops below the bottom band, it could be seen as oversold.

  2. Squeeze: A Bollinger Band squeeze denotes a period of low volatility and is considered by traders to be a potential indicator of future increased volatility and possible trading opportunities.

  3. Breakouts: A price movement that begins at one band tends to go all the way to the other band. This observation is useful when making trading decisions.


The graph displays the price movement of a cryptocurrency.

  • The Bollinger Bands are overlayed onto the graph:

    • The Middle Band (SMA) is shown in blue.

    • The Upper Band is represented in green.

    • The Lower Band is illustrated in red.

You can observe areas where the price touches or crosses the bands, indicating potential overbought or oversold conditions. Bollinger Bands are a versatile tool that can provide traders with insights into price volatility and potential entry and exit points.


Common Candlestick Patterns

Candlestick patterns, derived from ancient Japanese rice trading, have proven to be an invaluable tool in this aspect. These patterns provide visual cues that encapsulate the market's emotional state, allowing traders to predict potential price movements. As we explore the prevalent candlestick patterns, it's crucial to understand their importance and the valuable information they provide.

  1. Bullish Engulfing: This is a two-candle pattern where a small red (or black) candle is followed by a larger green (or white) candle that completely engulfs the previous candle. It indicates a potential bullish reversal.

  2. Bearish Engulfing: The opposite of bullish engulfing, this pattern has a small green candle followed by a larger red candle, signaling a potential bearish reversal.

  3. Hammer and Inverted Hammer: These are bullish reversal patterns. The hammer has a small body with a long lower wick and is found at the end of a downtrend. The inverted hammer looks similar but has a long upper wick.

  4. Shooting Star and Hanging Man: These are bearish reversal patterns. The shooting star has a small body with a long upper wick at the end of an uptrend. The hanging man looks similar but appears at the end of a downtrend.

  5. Doji: A candle where the opening and closing prices are the same or very close. It indicates indecision in the market.

Significance of Candlestick Patterns:

Candlestick patterns can provide insights into market psychology and potential reversals in trends. They are especially useful when combined with other technical indicators to confirm signals.



  • Bullish Engulfing: Indicative of a potential bullish reversal.

  • Bearish Engulfing: Signals a possible bearish reversal.

  • Hammer: Typically seen at the end of a downtrend, suggesting a bullish reversal.

  • Inverted Hammer: Also suggests a bullish reversal but is characterized by a long upper wick.

  • Shooting Star: Found at the end of an uptrend, signaling a potential bearish reversal.

  • Hanging Man: Similar in appearance to the shooting star but appears at the end of a downtrend.

  • Doji: Represents market indecision with its open and close prices being very close or the same.

Each of these patterns provides traders with insights into potential future price movements. When combined with other technical analysis tools, they can be highly effective in predicting short-term price directions.


Elliott Wave Theory

The Elliott Wave Theory, proposed by Ralph Nelson Elliott in the 1930s, posits that markets move in repetitive cycles influenced by investor psychology. These cycles, or "waves," can be observed at every time scale, from minutes to years.

The theory breaks down as:

  1. Motive Phase: This consists of five waves. Waves 1, 3, and 5 are in the direction of the main trend (impulsive), and waves 2 and 4 are counter-trend (corrective). Typically, the third wave is the most extended and never the shortest among the three impulsive waves.

  2. Corrective Phase: This consists of three waves, labeled A, B, and C. Wave A is a corrective wave, wave B is a counter-correction (often retracing a portion of A), and wave C is another corrective wave in the direction of wave A.

Significance and Application of Elliott Wave Theory:

  1. Predicting Future Movements: By identifying the current wave a market is in, traders might predict the next likely move.

  2. Risk Management: Knowing potential reversal points can help traders set stop-loss orders and determine entry and exit points.

  3. Market Phases: The theory can help traders recognize the beginning and end of major market cycles.


The graph depicts the Elliott Wave structure:

  • The five-wave motive phase is labeled from 1 through 5.

    • Waves 1, 3, and 5 (impulsive waves) are highlighted in green.

    • Waves 2 and 4 (corrective waves) are highlighted in red.

  • The three-wave corrective phase is labeled as A, B, and C.

    • Waves A and C are highlighted in red, while wave B is in green.

The Elliott Wave Theory provides a framework for understanding market cycles and predicting potential future price movements. Recognizing the patterns and structures described by this theory can offer traders valuable insights into market psychology and potential entry and exit points.


Trading Meme Coins: The Wild Cards of the Cryptoverse

Meme coins, often born as jokes or satirical takes on the traditional cryptocurrencies, have witnessed surprising and sometimes meteoric rises in value, largely fueled by social media hype and community support. Unlike conventional cryptocurrencies, whose value might be influenced by technological advancements or adoption rates, meme coins often ride the waves of viral trends, celebrity endorsements, and internet memes.


Role of Social Sentiment and Hype:

The value and popularity of meme coins like Dogecoin and Shiba Inu are strongly tied to social sentiment. A single tweet from a celebrity or a viral meme can send prices soaring or crashing within hours. Elon Musk's mentions of Dogecoin, for instance, have historically caused significant price fluctuations. As a result, meme coin traders often closely monitor social media trends, news, and celebrity comments to anticipate price movements.


Treading Carefully with Meme Coins:

Given the unpredictable nature of meme coins, trading them requires a different approach than traditional crypto assets. While they offer the potential for high rewards, they also come with high risks. Traders should be prepared for extreme volatility and should only invest what they can afford to lose. Diversifying investments and setting clear entry and exit strategies can also help mitigate some of the risks associated with meme coin trading.


And that concludes our discussion, everyone! We've thoroughly covered the top 10 tools in the technical analysis toolkit, providing practical examples with some specialized terminology for clarity. From understanding trend lines to the Elliott Wave Theory, each tool provides distinct perspectives on potential market movements. However, when dealing with popular coins driven by internet trends, it's important to consider not only technical analysis but also online sentiment.


Though technical analysis doesn't offer crystal ball predictions, it serves as a dependable compass, aiding traders in steering through the capricious market. Embrace these instruments, persist in your learning journey, and you might soon be making astute decisions. In this realm of potential high gains and significant risks, it's paramount to undertake your own due diligence and never commit more than you can afford to part with.


Key Takeaways:

  1. Understanding Market Trends: It's essential to monitor market trends consistently. In trading, following the trend can be a valuable strategy.

  2. Importance of Psychological Markers: Pay attention to support and resistance levels. These levels indicate significant points where a lot of buying or selling occurs. They can be thought of as indicators of market sentiment.

  3. Value of Moving Averages: Moving averages provide insights into market trends over specific periods. They are useful for understanding the general direction in which the market is moving.

  4. Monitoring Momentum: Tools like RSI (Relative Strength Index) and MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence) are essential for gauging market momentum. They can indicate whether the market is overbought or oversold.

  5. Recognizing Patterns: Recognizing patterns can be valuable. Techniques like the Fibonacci retracement, Bollinger Bands, candlestick patterns, and Elliott Wave Theory offer insights into potential future price movements.

  6. Significance of Volume: Trading volume is a key indicator in understanding market activity. A surge in volume can validate a current trend and provide insights into potential future movements.

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